Shomron Crossing, Tayasir, Za'tara (Tapuah), Sun 28.11.10, Afternoon

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Observers: Ada H., Naomi L., Rina T. (reporting)



    Translator:  Charles K.


  • There are dozens of dunums between the settlements of Gitit and Mehora that receive a generous allocation of water from the Israeli regime for a single settler from the moshav of Na’ama in the Jericho area – his name is Eyal Levi.  By what right?
  • Palestinian farmers in the area, on the other hand, live on land and water that has been in their hands since prior to the 1967 Occupation, not one bit more.  According to law, the land and the water in the area are for the benefit of the local inhabitants, not the Occupiers.
  • Construction continues in the settlement of Maskiyot, as well as preparation for additional construction.
  • Gideon Levy, the journalist, wasn’t allowed to go through the Hamra checkpoint to cover home demolitions.

    11:00  Shomron gate

    A new brick wall north of the road conceals a courtyard containing some buildings.  The soldiers didn’t really want to tell us what they were.  They said it’s part of a border crossing that’s under construction.  Maybe a dogs house?  Like some of the road lanes covered by a blue plastic shed, they’re also concealed from the road by a metal wall.  Apparently for vehicle inspection.


    Marda and Zeita– All the entrances are open.


    11:20  Za’tara junction– More than 10 cars on line from Huwwara.  That’s the only direction from which soldiers are inspecting.  A police car is parked in the area in the middle of the plaza.


    Between Gitit and Mehora

    Again we drive by dozens of fenced dunums of well-irrigated vegetables.  In the middle, a packing house from which the vegetables are sent to the center of the country with no indication of the grower’s name or location.  It turned out (unlike what was written in a previous report) that he’s Eyal Levy, from the moshav Na’ama, located far from here, in the southern Jordan Valley.  The Israeli regime gave Levy many dozens of dunums and a generous allotment of water.  If we remember that he pays his workers (Palestinians, who have no water allotment nor construction permits) NIS 70/day, without benefits, then the state of Israel has made him a very wealthy man on the basis of resources that belong to the inhabitants under Occupation.  Remember that according to international law, natural resources in occupied territory belong to the local population and not to the occupier and its settlers.  It’s impossible to avoid the question of how and why Eyal Levy received all these benefits?


    Parush Biet Dgan: Orchards and greenhouses owned by Palestinians are everywhere around here, a rare sight in the Jordan Valley.  We met an owner of greenhouses.  They have the land and the water because it had been in their possession prior to the 1967 occupation.  They get water from three local wells and from underground pipes from Ein Shibli.  They don’t pay for the water (it’s from God); each farmer is entitled to an amount based on the size of his plot.  This arrangement has been in effect for ages wasn’t affected by the Occupation.

    It’s Area C, under total military control.  Since 1967 no Palestinian has been allowed to erect even a shed for his sheep, much less to sink a well.  We recently read in Ha’aretz about settlers taking over springs in the Jordan Valley.


    12:40 - - Hamra checkpoint

    Gideon Levy, the journalist, wasn’t allowed to go through the checkpoint to report on house demolitions in one of the villages west of the checkpoint.  He waited there with an investigator from B’Tselem.

    Light traffic at the checkpoint at this hour.

    Resurfacing continues of the road north from the Hamra checkpoint.  They’ve now reached the Kfir brigade base.  It’s immediately obvious whether roads in the Jordan Valley serve settlers or Palestinians by how well they’re maintained.  This is still Area C, where the Israeli regime is by law responsible for all civilian matters for the welfare of all residents.

    We visited a Bedouin family between Hamra and Maskiyot.  Most of the family members traveled to Mecca for the Eid al Adha holiday.  We left bags of clothing and toys for the children.  We visited another family in an encampment opposite the entrance to Maskiyot.  We met two women and a few small children.  One in a wheelchair.  A young woman studying to be a gym teacher in Tubas.  Two sons are university students in Nablus.  It’s amazing that people with such a poor standard of living, in a tent, without electricity or running water, insure their children receive higher education.


    Maskiyot– Trucks and an excavator are working on the hillside, preparing a new construction site.


    14:00  Tayasir checkpoint

    This is the hour when people begin returning from jobs in Nablus.  All passengers must get out of the cars and go through the checkpoint on foot through a special crossing.  They apparently went easy on one old man and allowed him to remain in the car.  We witness a surrealistic scene (at a moment when there are no civilians at the checkpoint).  One of the soldiers lifts his shirt and kneels, another points his weapon at him, a third handcuffs him.  Are they playing?  For our benefit?  Or maybe they call it an “exercise”?


    On the way back, near Hamam al Malik, three gazelles cross the road right in front of us.


    A dike and trench begin beyond the Hamra checkpoint, alongside the road, to prevent vehicles from bypassing checkpoints in order to reach other parts of the West Bank, thereby separating the Jordan Valley from the West Bank.  Apparently these are political arrangements in view of a future agreement.  The Gochyea gate is part of that setup.  There’s a similar gate opposite Beqa’ot which, apparently, is permanently closed.


    14:58  Gochyea crossing

    Local residents cross here to the large town of Tamun.  It’s supposed to be open three times a week for half an hour in the morning and in the afternoon.  It’s now 3 PM, and it’s still closed.  We call the Jericho DCO but no one answers.  Five minutes later a military vehicle arrives (the army observes the crossing from a nearby base).  The soldiers open the gate.  We talk with them.

    15:30  We all leave


    16:20  Za’tara junction (Tapuach)

    A military vehicle parked in the plaza, a red civilian car next to it and four men sit off to the side – being inspected?  Detained?  We notice that we crossed through the plaza and can’t go back.